[64] The 19th-century slave trade may have been as extensive as that of the previous century, with about 400,000 slaves deported to the colonies. [55], Manufactured goods were more lucrative than raw materials during the 18th century. 9, Rue Marcel Sembat 44000 Nantes Bellevue - Chantenay - Sainte-Anne 02 40 69 13 28. [190], Nantes has a few structures dating to antiquity and the early Middle Ages. [239] The university is part of the EPSCP Bretagne-Loire Université, which joins seven universities in western France to improve the region's academic and research potential. The city has one synagogue, built in 1852. [120] It originated in 1410, when John V, Duke of Brittany created the Burghers' Council. At the end of the hall, toward the exit, is a room with the timeline of slavery as it became abolished in various countries around the world. [27], Its history from the seventh century to the Roman conquest in the first century BC is poorly documented, and there is no evidence of a city in the area before the reign of Tiberius in the first century AD. [235] The Nantes region is renowned in France for market gardens and is a major producer of corn salad, leeks, radishes and carrots. Army. They had embraced the Industrial Revolution, thanks to Parisian investments; Nantes lagged behind, struggling to find profitable activities. It was the seat of a bishopric at the end of the Roman era before it was conquered by the Bretons in 851. [235] Other specialties are the LU and BN biscuits, including the Petit-Beurre (produced since 1886), berlingot [fr] (sweets made with flavoured melted sugar) and similar rigolette [fr] sweets with marmalade filling, gâteau nantais (a rum cake invented in 1820), Curé nantais [fr] and Mâchecoulais cheeses and fouace, a star-shaped brioche served with new wine in autumn. [88] It is an architectural junction; northern French houses with slate roofs are north of the Loire, and Mediterranean dwellings with low terracotta roofs dominate the south bank. A strike organised by the city's 17,500 metallurgists during the summer of 1955 to protest salary disparities between Paris and the rest of France deeply impacted the French political scene, and their action was echoed in other cities. [140] City officials tend to consider Nantes an open metropolis with its own personality, independent of surrounding regions. The Bicloo bicycle-sharing system has 880 bicycles at 103 stations. L'avis du Petit Futé sur AU FIL DES LOTS. [39], Feudalism took hold in France during the 10th and 11th centuries, and Nantes was the seat of a county founded in the ninth century. [157] Young couples with children tend to move outside the city because of high property prices, and most newcomers are students (37 percent) and adults moving for professional reasons (49 percent). Nantes Express. Other popular folk songs include "Le pont de Nantes" (recorded by Guy Béart in 1967 and Nana Mouskouri in 1978), "Jean-François de Nantes" (a sea shanty) and the bawdy "De Nantes à Montaigu". Since the 2000s, it has been subject to the conversion of former industrial areas into office space, housing and leisure facilities. The second-largest venue is the Hall XXL, an exhibition hall on the Stade de la Beaujoire grounds. The city centre has a medieval core (corresponding to the former walled town) and 18th-century extensions running west and east. The canal, completed in 1892, was abandoned in 1910 because of the efficient dredging of the Loire between 1903 and 1914. Rain is abundant through the year, with an annual average of 820 millimetres (32 inches). Owned by the city council, it is used for contemporary-art exhibitions. [200] The Passage Pommeraye, built in 1840–1843, is a multi-storey shopping arcade typical of the mid-19th century. Sand siltation required dredging, which weakened the quays; one quay collapsed in 1924. Large thoroughfares replaced the channels, altering the urban landscape. Nantes is also the meeting place of the région and département councils, two elected political bodies. The edict was signed after the capitulation of the Duke of Mercœur, governor of Brittany. [132] The regions, established by acts of parliament in 1955 and 1972, loosely follow the pre-revolutionary divisions and Brittany was revived as Region Brittany. With almost 12 million passengers each year, the Nantes station is the sixth-busiest in France outside Paris. [123], Like most French municipalities, Nantes is part of an intercommunal structure which combines the city with 24 smaller, neighbouring communes. [8] Nantes has been praised for its quality of life, and it received the European Green Capital Award in 2013. Nantes is between the land and the sea, sweet and savoury, animals and vegetables. [210], Le Zénith Nantes Métropole, an indoor arena in Saint-Herblain, has a capacity of 9,000 and is France's largest concert venue outside Paris. [154] Partnership agreements have been signed with cities in developing countries, including Dschang, Cameroon, Grand'Anse, Haiti and Kindia, Guinea. Horaires d'ouverture de Au Fil des Lots - Carquefou, 4 Bis Rue Antarès, 44470 Carquefou (Maison / Jardinerie) [164] Although Nantes is where Protestantism was permitted in France through its edict, Protestants have always formed a small minority. During the 19th century, when many of the former universities reopened, Nantes was neglected and local students had to go to Rennes and Angers. The Loire in Nantes now has only two branches, one on either side of the Isle of Nantes. [219], Estuaire contemporary-art exhibitions were held along the Loire estuary in 2007, 2009 and 2012. [133] Region Brittany was created around Rennes, similar in size to Nantes; the Loire-Atlantique département formed a new region with four other départements, mainly portions of the old provinces of Anjou, Maine and Poitou. The concept has been exported to Bilbao, Tokyo and Warsaw, and the festival sold a record 154,000 tickets in 2015. [218] Former Royal de Luxe machine designer François Delarozière created the Machines of the Isle of Nantes and its large walking elephant in 2007. The Nantes metropolitan area had a population of 907,995 in 2013, nearly doubling since the 1960s. It has more than 1.6 million zoological specimens and several thousand mineral samples. Maville a recensé pour vous 0 promotions à Nantes. French-language songs include "Nantes" by Barbara (1964) and "Nantes" by Renan Luce (2009). [112] The area was extended towards the Parc de Procé during the 19th century. Le feu embrase aussi l'Ouest - Mai 68 en Bretagne", "Nantes Durban Sister City Agreement. [115] The northern outskirts of the city, along the Erdre, include the main campus of the University of Nantes and other institutes of higher education. Trade-derived wealth permitted the construction of many public monuments during the 18th century, most designed by the neoclassical architects Jean-Baptiste Ceineray and Mathurin Crucy. Trains de Nantes à Lot sont $208 moins cher que prendre un Vol: Rapide: Vol: Voler de Nantes à Lot est 4 heures 28 minutes rapide que par train: écologique: Conduire: Privé Voiture à Lot émet 441 kg de CO 2 moins que voler: Comment voyager de Nantes à Lot. [63], After the Battle of Nantes, the National Convention (which had founded the First French Republic) decided to purge the city of its anti-revolutionary elements. [158] Population growth continued through the 19th century; although other European cities experienced increased growth due to industrialisation, in Nantes growth remained at its 18th-century pace. The nearby Mangin Beaulieu sports complex has 2,500 seats and Pierre Quinon Stadium, an athletics stadium within the University of Nantes, has 790 seats. [71], When the land reclamation was almost complete, Nantes was shaken by the air raids of the Second World War. [89], The river is tidal in the city, and tides are observed about 30 kilometres (19 miles) further east. [238] The university had about 30,000 students during the 2013–2014 academic year, and the metropolitan area had a total student population of 53,000. Saint-Nazaire surpassed Nantes in port traffic for the first time in 1868. Presse-Océan, based in Nantes, covers Loire-Atlantique. Capturing the signing of Bruna De Paula was a real coup for Nantes, particularly as she had just won the French league’s MVP award for her spectacular performances with Fleury Loiret. [35][30], Like much of the region, Nantes was part of the Roman Empire during the early Middle Ages. The former Lefèvre-Utile factory is known for its Tour Lu, a publicity tower built in 1909. The Passage Pommeraye appears briefly in The Umbrellas of Cherbourg. Nantes to land Jean Lucas on loan without an option to buy from Lyon. During the 1980s and 1990s its economy became service-oriented and it experienced economic growth under Jean-Marc Ayrault, the city's mayor from 1989 to 2012. The world's largest source of international properties. [130][131], In the mid-20th century, several French governments considered creating a new level of local government by combining départements into larger regions. [159] In 1500, the city had a population of around 14,000. Ratiatum, founded under Augustus, developed more quickly than Nantes and was a major port in the region. Green space (public and private) makes up 41 percent of Nantes' area. Natural areas, an additional 180 hectares (440 acres), include the Petite Amazonie (a Natura 2000 protected forest) and several woods, meadows and marshes. [91] The city is near the geographical centre of the land hemisphere, identified in 1945 by Samuel Boggs as near the main railway station (around 47°13′N 1°32′W / 47.217°N 1.533°W / 47.217; -1.533). [25] The area exported tin, mined in Abbaretz and Piriac, as far as Ireland. [192] The Roman city walls were largely replaced during the 13th and 15th centuries. Lots complets à Nantes (Affichage de 1 - 9 sur 9) Passer à la carte. [22], Nantes' historical nickname was "Venice of the West" (French: la Venise de l'Ouest), a reference to the many quays and river channels in the old town before they were filled in during the 1920s and 1930s. [94][95][96], The city is at the confluence of two tributaries. Under Charlemagne in the eighth century the town was the capital of the Breton March, a buffer zone protecting the Carolingian Empire from Breton invasion. [242], Nantes has several large sports facilities. [41][42] Port traffic, insignificant during the Middle Ages, became the city's main activity. [30], Because tradesmen favoured inland roads rather than Atlantic routes,[31] Nantes never became a large city under Roman occupation. It is also very nice just to chill there on the grass! [198] Although many of the 18th-century buildings have a neoclassical design, they are adorned with sculpted rococo faces and balconies. [48] Although most Breton institutions were maintained, the unification favoured Rennes (the site of ducal coronations). [116], The city adopted an ecological framework in 2007 to reduce greenhouse gases and promote energy transition. Nantes à l'époque gallo-romaine", "La réunification de la Bretagne: une constante des sondages", "La télévision de Nantes Saint-Nazaire et de Loire-Atlantique", "La ville rivulaire - les composantes physiques identitaires", "Laissez-vous conter Nantes - Architecture XXème siècle", "Le Zénith Nantes Métropole : première salle de spectacles en province", "L'aire urbaine de Nantes pourrait dépasser le million d'habitants d'ici 2030", "Liste des jumelages et partenariats entre collectivités locales françaises et coréennes", "Machines de l'île : une fréquentation en hausse cet été", "Notre-Dame-des-Landes : pourquoi le futur aéroport fait polémique ? There is also a Nantes History Museum, but I didn’t have a chance to visit it. The museum includes works by Tintoretto, Brueghel, Rubens, Georges de La Tour, Ingres, Monet, Picasso, Kandinsky and Anish Kapoor. [188] The city has 127 buildings listed as monuments historiques, the 19th-ranked French city. [20], Nantes is pronounced [nɑ̃t], and the city's inhabitants are known as Nantais [nɑ̃tɛ]. Deindustrialisation in the second half of the 20th century spurred the city to adopt a service economy. It is the administrative seat of the Loire-Atlantique department and the Pays de la Loire region, one of 18 regions of France. [258], The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Nantes & Saint-Nazaire, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 40 min. [44] From 1707 to 1793, Nantes was responsible for 42 percent of the French slave trade; its merchants sold about 450,000 African slaves in the West Indies. realestate.com.au recommends that you independently verify any information before relying on it. The largest is the Stade de la Beaujoire, built for UEFA Euro 1984. The Man who Proved the Earth Rotates", "Le gouvernement repousse l'évacuation de la ZAD de Notre-Dame-des-Landes", "Résultats d'activité des aéroports français 2014", "Schéma directeur de l'urbanisme commercial de Nantes Métropole", "Sur les traces de Mr. Turner, amoureux de la Loire", "Transport fluvial : le Navibus a 10 ans ! It has often been said that the separation of Nantes from the rest of Brittany was decided by Vichy France during the Second World War. ", "Mai 68. [263] The city is also home to Télénantes, a local, private television channel founded in 2004. It is the third-highest-ranking city in France, after Paris and Lyon. [73] British bombs first hit the city in August 1941 and May 1942. Nantes was seen by the convention as a corrupt merchant city; the local elite was less supportive of the French Revolution, since its growing centralisation reduced their influence. [81] Masked rioters have repeatedly ransacked shops, offices and public transport infrastructure. Chateau des Ducs de Bretagne – it is a fortress with a residential palace, which was built in the late XV century by the last duke of Brittany, Francis II. [28] During the Gaulish period it was the capital of the Namnetes people, who were allied with the Veneti[29] in a territory extending to the northern bank of the Loire.